Practical Life Exercises
Precisely selected Montessori materials in trays or containers give children the opportunity to choose the most interesting and attractive activities every day. Tasks such as pouring, sponging, polishing, cutting etc. let them develop muscle control and eye-hand coordination whereas dressing frames, sweeping and washing help children to take care of themselves as well as the environment. It also helps them to expand their level of concentration for learning, to have a sense of order and to accomplish tasks independently.
Exceptional sensitivity to sensorial impressions develop during preschool years. Sensorial activities help children develop their senses. This enhances their willingness for greater work. Sensorial activities are designed to support a child’s sense of taste, sight, touch, smell and hearing. Advanced sensorial activities aim at developing the child’s sense of balance and concepts such as short and long, thin and thick, small and big, smooth and rough and various shades of color.
Math plays a significant role in Montessori method. It is introduced to children the way they can understand basic mathematical concepts, always associating quantity with symbols. First presented to the children with concrete colorful objects. Once they understand the concept, more abstract forms can be implemented. Children learn addition and subtraction facts by actually performing the operation with bead material. Month by month they can start more complicated tasks.
Language education in a Montessori environment begins from verbal skills, visual perception and learning the phonetic alphabet which leads to spelling and reading. Learning is supported by use of movement from tracing sandpaper letters to manipulating the movable alphabet. Finally children know how to build words.
The variety of elements help children to develop in several areas. Songs, finger play, action rhymes and games help children improve their sense of rhythm, and support focus, muscle coordination and group interaction. Movement and mime help bring out the best of their creativity.
Art joins the practical skills with emotional development. It helps children to practice and gain fine muscle control and strengthen eye-hand motor coordination by holding paint brushes and learning how to control paint, crayons, scissors, and other art tools. Children gain the skills necessary for writing activities as well as learn to express their feelings and emotions in a natural way though art. They also develop awareness of colors, shapes, forms, lines, and different textures.